| Laws / Legislation
AR Code § 6-16-143
Outlines CPR Training requirements for students graduation high school:
(a) Beginning with the 2014-2015 school year, a public school student in grades nine through twelve (9-12) shall be trained in quality psychomotor skill bases in cardiopulmonary resuscitation before the student graduates from high school.
(b) The course shall not be a certification process but shall follow the standards established by the American Heart Association, the American Red Cross, or another nationally recognized organization that uses current, evidence-based emergency cardiac care guidelines and incorporates psychomotor skill development in the instruction and the use of automated external defibrillators.
|AR Code § 20-13-1306
Outlines AED requirements for health spas:
(a) As used in this section, “health spa” means any person, firm, corporation, organization, club, or association engaged in the sale of:
(1) Memberships in a program of physical exercise that includes the use of one (1) or more sauna, whirlpool, weightlifting room, massage, steam room, or exercising machine or device; or
(2) The right or privilege to use exercise equipment or facilities such as a sauna, whirlpool, weightlifting room, massage, steam room, or exercising machine or device, including, but not limited to:
(A) For-profit businesses, firms, corporations, organizations, clubs, or associations;
(B) Bona fide nonprofit organizations, including, but not limited to, the Young Men’s Christian Association, Young Women’s Christian Association, or similar organizations whose functions as health spas are only incidental to the overall functions and purposes;
(C) Any organization primarily operated for the purpose of teaching a particular form of martial arts such as judo or karate;
(D) Any college or university fitness center;
(E) Any country club; or
(F) Weight-loss or weight-control services which do not provide physical exercise facilities and which do not obligate the customer for more than twenty-five (25) months.
(b)(1) Each health spa shall have at least one (1) automated external defibrillator on the premises.
(2) The defibrillator shall at all times be placed in the location that best provides accessibility to staff, members, and guests.
(3) At all times during staffed business hours, the spa shall ensure that at least one (1) employee who has completed a knowledge and skills course in operating an automated external defibrillator and in cardiopulmonary resuscitation is assigned to be on duty.
(4) An unstaffed health spa shall have on the premises:
(A) A telephone for 911 telephone call access;
(B) An advisory warning that indicates that members of the unstaffed health spa should be aware that working out alone may pose risks to the health spa member’s health and safety; and
(C) In plain view:
(i) A sign indicating the location of the automated external defibrillator; and
(ii) A sign providing instruction in the use of the automated external defibrillator and in cardiopulmonary resuscitation.
(c) No cause of action against a health spa or its employees may arise in connection with the use or nonuse of an automated external defibrillator unless the health spa has:
(1) Failed to purchase an automated external defibrillator as required under this section; or
(2) Acted with gross negligence in the use of an automated external defibrillator.
(d) If a health spa does not comply with this section, any contract for health spa services shall be voidable at the option of the buyer.
|AR Code § 20-13-1304
Outlines instructions to ensure the public health and safety for a person that acquires an AED:
(a) In order to ensure the public health and safety, a person or entity that acquires an automated external defibrillator shall ensure that:
(1) Expected automated external defibrillator users complete appropriate knowledge and skills courses at least one (1) time every two (2) years in cardiopulmonary resuscitation and automated external defibrillator use based upon current American Heart Association scientific guidelines, standards, and recommendations for providing cardiopulmonary resuscitation and the use of automated external defibrillators as published in American Heart Association, American Red Cross, or equivalent course materials;
(2) The defibrillator is maintained and tested according to the manufacturer’s operational guidelines and instructions; and
(3) Any person who renders emergency care or treatment on a person in cardiac arrest by using an automated external defibrillator activates the emergency medical services system as soon as possible and immediately reports any clinical use of the automated external defibrillator to the medical provider responding to the emergency.
(b) Any person or entity that acquires an automated external defibrillator shall notify an agent of emergency communications, 911, or vehicle dispatch center of the existence, location, and type of automated external defibrillator.
|AR Code § 20-13-1303
Defines: Automated external defibrillator (AED), Cardiac arrest, Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), Defibrillation, Emergency medical services, Person, and Ventricular fibrillation:
(1) “Automated external defibrillator” means a device that:
(A) Is used to administer an electric shock through the chest wall to the heart;
(B) Has built-in computers within the device to assess the patient’s heart rhythm, judge whether defibrillation is needed, and then administer the shock;
(C) Has audible or visual prompts, or both, to guide the user through the process;
(D) Has received approval from the United States Food and Drug Administration of its premarket modification, filed pursuant to 21 U.S.C. § 360(k);
(E) Is capable of recognizing the presence or absence of ventricular fibrillation and rapid ventricular tachycardia and is capable of determining without intervention by an operator whether defibrillation should be performed; and
(F) Upon determining that defibrillation should be performed, either automatically charges and delivers an electrical impulse to an individual’s heart or charges and delivers an electrical impulse at the command of the operator;
(2) “Cardiac arrest” means a condition, often sudden, that is due to abnormal heart rhythms called arrhythmias. It is generally the result of some underlying form of heart disease;
(3) “Cardiopulmonary resuscitation” means a combination of rescue breathing and chest compressions and external cardiac massage used to sustain a person’s life until advanced assistance arrives;
(4) “Defibrillation” means administering an electrical impulse to an individual’s heart in order to stop ventricular fibrillation or rapid ventricular tachycardia;
(5) “Emergency medical services” means the transportation and medical care provided the ill or injured prior to arrival at a medical facility by a certified emergency medical technician or other health care provider and continuation of the initial emergency care within a medical facility subject to the approval of the medical staff and governing board of that facility;
(6) “Person” means any individual, partnership, association, corporation, or any organized group of persons whether incorporated or not; and
(7) “Ventricular fibrillation” means the most common arrhythmia that causes cardiac arrest. It is a condition in which the heart’s electrical impulses suddenly become chaotic, of ten without warning, causing the heart’s pumping action to stop abruptly.
|AR Code § 20-13-1302
||The General Assembly finds that early defibrillation can sustain the life of and temporarily stabilize a person in cardiac arrest, thus helping to preserve the Arkansas family. It is the intent of the General Assembly that the public have access to automated external defibrillators for the purpose of saving the lives of persons in cardiac arrest.
|AR Code § 6-10-123
Outlines the rules for AED and CPR training, developed by the State Board of Education:
(a) The State Board of Education, after consultation with the Department of Health, shall develop rules based on guidelines for automated external defibrillator and cardiopulmonary resuscitation training that incorporates at least the following:
(1) Health care provider oversight, including planning and review of the selection, placement, and maintenance of automated external defibrillators;
(2) Appropriate training of anticipated rescuers in the use of the automated external defibrillator and in cardiopulmonary resuscitation;
(3) Testing of psychomotor skills based on the American Heart Association scientific guidelines, standards, and recommendations for the use of the automated external defibrillator, as they existed on January 1, 2009, and for providing cardiopulmonary resuscitation as published by the American Heart Association, American Red Cross, or in equivalent course materials, as they existed on January 1, 2009;
(4) Coordination with the emergency medical services system; and
(5) An ongoing quality improvement program to monitor training and evaluate response with each use of the automated external defibrillator.
(b) Automated external defibrillator and cardiopulmonary resuscitation training shall count fully toward the existing professional development requirements for teachers and school personnel.
|AR Code § 6-10-122
Outlines AED requirements for schools:
(a)(1) The State Board of Education shall promulgate rules to require that:
(A) Each school campus have an automated external defibrillator; and
(B)(i) Appropriate school personnel be adequately trained on or before May 31, 2011; and
(ii) After May 31, 2011, appropriate school personnel be adequately trained on an ongoing basis.
(2) To enhance the potential life-saving capability of each automated external defibrillator, the rules shall include without limitation provisions regarding the availability of the school’s automated external defibrillator at school-related activities, such as athletic events.
(b) To minimize the financial impact on school districts, each school district may apply for a grant from the Department of Health to purchase an automated external defibrillator or related equipment or to provide training to its personnel, or any combination of purchase of an automated external defibrillator or related equipment or provision of training to personnel.
(c) Beginning in 2011, the Commissioner of Education shall provide a report to the Senate Committee on Public Health, Welfare, and Labor and the House Committee on Public Health, Welfare, and Labor on or before July 1 each year regarding the implementation of this section and the status of automated external defibrillator availability on each school campus.
| AR Code § 6-26-14
Outlines AED Requirements for detention facilities:
A first aid kit and an automatic external defibrillator (AED) shall be available in a secure, but easily accessible, location within the Detention Facility. A medical training program or suitable alternative shall be established for Detention Facility personnel, such as first aid, CPR or any other available programs that will aid in the recognition of signs and symptoms of and knowledge of action required in potential emergency situations. All personnel shall maintain certification for life saving techniques and devices.